A few nice prototype components made in china photos I identified:
Stone Straw Developing
Image by dbking
Marvin Chester Stone is best known as the inventor of the modern drinking straw. He was born in Portage County, Ohio in 1842. His father, Chester Stone, was a properly-recognized inventor of a lot of machines, like the cheese press and washing machines. Marvin C. Stone inherited his father’s inventive genius, and made a lot of valuable articles in his boyhood. He was a graduate of Oberlin College, but his course was interrupted by the Civil War, in which he took part with credit and won promotion.
Soon after college he began a theological course, but abandoned it to go to Washington exactly where he was employed as a newspaper correspondent for several years. Later in his life, he invented a machine for producing paper cigarette holders and created a contract with the Duke Organization. After that he started a factory in Ninth Street, Washington. Next he invented a machine to wind paper straws, which were popularly utilised for drinking cold beverages.
Prior to this, individuals used all-natural rye grass straws, which had been undesirable simply because they imparted a grassy flavor in beverages. In response to this, Marvin C. Stone made the initial drinking straw prototypes by spiraling a strip of paper around a pencil and gluing it at the ends. Subsequent he experimented with paraffin wax-coated manila paper, so that it would not get soggy when utilized. This initial model was eight 1/2 inches long and had a diameter just wide adequate to prevent factors like lemon seeds from getting lodged in the tube. Marvin Stone patented his invention on January 3rd, 1888. By 1890, his factory was creating more drinking straws than cigarette holders. In 1906 a machine was invented by Stone’s "Stone Straw Corporation" to automatically wind the straws.
His next invention was a strategy for colour fine china in imitation of the celebrated "peachblow vase" of the Walters collection.
Stone was spoken of as "the pal of the working class," in that he looked soon after the moral and social condition of his working girls, and furnished a huge library of regular fiction and other functions, a music room, and meeting room for debates, and a dancing floor in the creating. He was also well identified for his philanthropy in other locations. He and numerous other folks built two blocks of tenement houses for African American residents of Washington.
Marvin Chester Stone died in his property in Columbia Road, Washington, D.C., on May possibly 17th, 1899 following a long illness. He was survived by a wife and a son, the former becoming the daughter of the head of Platt & Co., of Baltimore.
Source: Wikipedia 2015
Protei in Marinexplore
Image by cesarharada.com
PROTEI: An Open Supply Dream Becomes a Reality For Cesar Harada
By Nico Danan on May 24, 2013 in Interviews
Cesar Harada is a French-Japanese inventor, environmentalist and entrepreneur. As a PhD candidate at Goldsmiths University of London he focuses on ocean communities and technology, and is at the moment functioning on his thesis “Open Hardware for the Environment.” In addition to his academic pursuits, Harada is also a TED Senior Fellow operating with the Open-H2O neighborhood to create a revolutionary open source sailing drone named Protei.
Why did you choose to leave your dream job at MIT to pursue the creation of an open supply project like Protei?
In my lab we had been not encouraged to go in the field, but rather to concentrate on design concept and engineering projection about how the technology could work. In essence, it was a lot more about the technology rather than solving the problem. At the time, daily in Cambridge I was reading that millions of barrels of oil had been pouring into the ocean. As quickly as I could, I grabbed a flight to New Orleans and located a fisherman that accepted to take me to the spill site. The captain I met had lost his initial leg in hurricane Katrina, the second leg attempting to regain his lost fishing boats. Cleaning up the BP oil spill was all he had left to make a living.
I witnessed a devastated coastline, and the health of folks involved in cleaning the spill at risk. I came back to the lab with proof of the disaster, but they preferred to remain on the track with establishing a lengthy term, high-priced and patented analysis. I decided to resign from my dream job to develop a quick-term, low expense, open supply technology, realizing that oil spills are harming numerous other resources and populations.
In June 2010, I moved to New Orleans and started volunteering with a local non-profit named the Louisiana Bucket Brigade (now named Public Labortory), flying helium balloons above spilled places, creating high resolution maps of the oil spill. This is when I began developing Protei in the garage of my friend Suzette Toledano by Lake Ponchartrain.
Protei version 10.5 in Barcelona
Clarify how Protei’s exclusive hull evolved from a front rudder design to a completely articulated hull?
An oil spill is a man-produced disaster but it is controlled by organic forces, namely the wind, surface currents and the waves. Why not using these forces? I started testing how a regular sailboat would carry out towing a lengthy and heavy load like a saturated oil sorbent. Right here is the evolution of Protei:
• Protei_001: I modified a little RC boat, moving the rudder at the front and the centerboard additional to amplify the lever: it enhanced how a lot handle I had over the dragged element. I thought I could still increase handle more than the payload by multiplying the quantity of rudders, so I replaced my centerboard by several controllable rudders and gained a lot more control.
• Protei_002: At this stage I was designing a boat with so many rudders it became simpler to make a boat in segments that would curve just like a fish, transforming the complete hull into the organ of manage. It produced sense to me. I built it and when I operated it for the 1st time, I was amazed by the maneuverability, how the “nose” of the boat would turn into the wind, catching the windmill more quickly than a standard boat and also a lot far more steady in the turns.
• Protei_003: I wanted to know if the program would operate on a larger scale, so I built a three-meter lengthy unit that was inflatable. I constructed it with the simplest plastic protection sheet from the corner shop, duct tape, plumbers PVC tubes, rope, and sand bags for the ballast. I put it in the water, and it worked once again!
At that stage I was confident enough to share my findings and started publishing on the internet. I was considering that this dynamically controlled hull may be 1 of the most radical improvement in the current history of naval architecture, it changes every thing about the physics of sailing, this could contribute to the market. I also concluded that it ought to be created open and free for absolutely everyone to use, modify and distribute in order to maximize the optimistic environmental influence this technologies can have.
I was not generating claims, I had a vision, the urge and the hope that created me want to publish the project on Kickstarter and involve an international group of engineers and designers that would fast-forward the technologies. More than 300 individuals backed the Protei project, collecting sufficient funds to rent a factory in Rotterdam port and employ a group of incredible engineers, makers and sailors to create Protei_006. Because then, far more prototypes have been constructed by our group and also other Protei neighborhood members around the globe. Altogether more than 15 machines have been constructed and tested, we are currently at version 10.5 and we are beginning to gather environmental data.
From July 2012, when you initial talked at TED about Protei to nowadays, what has occurred?
I became a TED fellow in February 2010, so this is when I gave my very first TED speak, not about Protei, about an additional project of mine, the “International Ocean Station”.
The BP oil spill began in April 2010, I began creating Protei prototypes in June 2010, we got funded on Kickstarter in April 2011. Among July 2012 and these days, here is a rough outline of what we have done:
We have been fighting to stay an independent open source project. In May possibly 2012 I presented Protei at TEDxSummit in Doha, and Gabriella Levine (Protei COO) obtained our very first investigation grant with the Savannah Ocean Exchange. The hardest component has been to locate funding, in truth we are currently searching for philanthropy, sponsors, partners interested to discover and defend the oceans with open technologies.
We have restructured ourselves legally: on a single hand we have Open-H2O that is a non profit that concentrate on investigation, and on the other hand we have Protei Inc. that focuses on optimizing manufacturing, operations, data analysis and clean up operate. In the course of 3 months Gabriella Levine and myself have been operating at the Techshop in San Francisco, optimizing Protei for manufacturing.
We’ve been operating with Andrew Katz, a lawyer specialized in open supply, to provide our personal open hardware license particularly for marine applications. To construct a strong neighborhood, for the final four months Gabriella and myself have been sailing about the world with the Unreasonable at Sea accelerator program to define Protei organization method, technologies and product, test prototypes and grow our community. Let me just take you where we’ve been and the themes we addressed:
– Ensenada, Mexico: red tides. The area is suffering recurrent seasonal red tides. We met prof H. Maske and discussed how we may be in a position to use Protei to study red tides.
– Kamilo beach, Hawaii, USA: plastic pollution. With met with Marcus Eriksen, Anna Cummins, Dr. Henk Carson at the University of Hawaii to explore how we could use Protei to measure plastic pollution with fleets of sailing robots. We collected a lot of plastic debris from Kamilo Beach.
– Fukushima, Japan: radioactivity. We met with FuRo (Future Robotics Laboratory of Tsukuba University) that operates caterpillar robots within the crippled TEPCO Fukushima power plant. We worked with Safecast and the Tokyo University Department of applied physics, built our personal underwater radioactivity sensors, measured radioactivity on the sea floor close to Fukushima. Not too long ago 120 tons of contaminated water have leaked out of Fukushima, really little is known about what will occur after such an occasion.
– Hong Kong / Shenzhen, China: We identified excellent affordable manufacturing. We have taken the decision to move to the Hong Kong / Shenzhen area to manufacture Protei with higher good quality, low expense and in massive quantities.
– Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam: agent orange, industrial and agricultural runoff. We test sailed Protei in a man-made natural reserve, also investigated a all-natural physique of water with extreme pollution in the heart of Ho Chi Minh city.
– Cochin, India: We encountered terrible civilian, industrial and agricultural pollution.
– Cape Town, South Africa: We met with local scientists that just completed a four months sailing and diving journey mapping coral reef and studying fish populations along the eastern coast of Africa.
– Takoradi, Ghana: the booming oil market damages fishing tradition and coastal resident livelihood. We went fishing with a group of fishermen operating at proximity of new oil rigs.
– Casablanca, Morocco: hugely motivate engineering community. We organized a hackathon: in 1 day, a group of about 30 incredibly motivated student engineers developed, built and tested four sailing robots.
We have produced a lot of progress and we’re gearing up to manufacture Protei, develop a powerful international community site, accelerate technological progress and gather environmental data.
What are the different applications for Protei? Could it turn out to be a sensor equipped ocean robot?
Oil spill clean up is what inspired the style of Protei but autonomous sailing robots could be used for a range of applications. The main functions of Protei are to transport sensors to gather environmental data and to equip them with environmental clean-up systems. Currently we are focusing on the mechanical platform, to make this new technologies available for the greatest quantity of men and women to be able to function on the sensor and handle element, utilizing arduino, beaglebone, rasperry pi, android phones, Ouya.
We are especially interested in making use of Protei to address oil spills detection, plastic pollution, radioactive measurement, basic oceanography, climate study, earthquake and tsunami alert program, marine biology study, mapping coral reefs, serve as information relay in between underwater autos and satellite, space investigation, communication and security at sea.
If we succeed at controlling one unit properly, there are several techniques we are interested in expanding the scope of our research, by operating many machines simultaneously, or possibly larger ones too. My dream is to make Protei the workhorse for surface oceanographic investigation and cleanup that is low price, robust, modular, extendable for absolutely everyone.
I am extremely a lot inspired by the Argo profiler fleet: these days there are about 3500 deep profilers in operation, but it took about 30 years to deploy the technique till full operational scale, every single unit costing about ,000. For that kind of spending budget we can build an whole fleet of Protei in a handful of weeks.
An additional supply of inspiration is the recent popular passion for multi rotor flying machines. This technology is almost a hundred years old, it’s only in the 1980-90s that the competitors in the toy industry and hobbyists markets dramatically produced the cost of the technology drop while they accelerated technological progress. Ocean instruments are often high-priced, why wait so extended to make technologies available? Instead of writing a PhD about the physics of a shape shifting hull, I would rather manufacture Protei and enable any person to make it much better in order to accelerate technological progress.
You mentioned in a earlier discussion that you would like to collaborate with the Marinexplore neighborhood. How do you feel Marinexplore could contribute to a project like Protei?
I am interested to see how we can use open hardware for the atmosphere. Not only give genuine-time transparent information, but also give total transparency about the instruments we are employing. The datasets that we will supply are the ones I pointed out above and much more, the order in which these will arrive on Marinexplore will rely on our neighborhood, they will make these alternatives.
We are excited to see individuals in the near future use Protei and share data on Marinexplore, and Marinexplore users adopt Protei as a transport for their sensors. Our purpose is to discover and safeguard the oceans with open technologies. We are now focused on the transport of sensors, Marinexplore is a great platform that permits men and women to exchange information, examine sets, collaborate and accelerate study. We have a lot in frequent, let’s perform with each other.