Café Man Ray (1968) – Man Ray (1890 – 1976)

Café Man Ray (1968) – Man Ray (1890 – 1976)

A couple of nice prototype machine company photos I located:

Café Man Ray (1968) – Man Ray (1890 – 1976)
prototype machine company
Image by pedrosimoes7
Belem, Berardo Collection, Centro Cultural de Belem, Lisbon, Portugal

Components : Oil on wood


Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky, August 27, 1890 – November 18, 1976) was an American visual artist who spent most of his career in France. He was a important contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each and every have been informal. He developed major performs in a assortment of media but considered himself a painter above all. He was very best identified for his photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. Man Ray is also noted for his perform with photograms, which he known as &quotrayographs&quot in reference to himself.

During his profession as an artist, Man Ray allowed couple of particulars of his early life or loved ones background to be identified to the public. He even refused to acknowledge that he ever had a name other than Man Ray.

Man Ray was born as Emmanuel Radnitzky in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. in 1890. He was the eldest kid of Russian Jewish immigrants. He had a brother and two sisters, the youngest born in 1897 shortly right after they settled in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York. In early 1912, the Radnitzky loved ones changed their surname to Ray. Man Ray’s brother chose the surname in reaction to the ethnic discrimination and anti-Semitism prevalent at the time. Emmanuel, who was known as &quotManny&quot as a nickname, changed his 1st name to Man and progressively began to use Man Ray as his combined single name.

Man Ray’s father worked in a garment factory and ran a modest tailoring enterprise out of the family members residence. He enlisted his children to assist him from an early age. Man Ray’s mother enjoyed designing the family’s clothes and inventing patchwork things from scraps of fabric. Man Ray wished to disassociate himself from his family members background, but their tailoring left an enduring mark on his art. Mannequins, flat irons, sewing machines, needles, pins, threads, swatches of fabric, and other products associated to tailoring appear in practically each medium of his operate. Art historians have noted similarities in between Ray’s collage and painting strategies and designs used for tailoring.

Mason Klein, curator of a Man Ray exhibition at the Jewish Museum entitled Alias Man Ray: The Art of Reinvention, suggests that the artist could have been &quotthe 1st Jewish avant-garde artist.&quot


Man Ray displayed artistic and mechanical abilities throughout childhood. His education at Brooklyn’s Boys’ High School from 1904 to 1909 supplied him with strong grounding in drafting and other basic art methods. Whilst he attended school, he educated himself with frequent visits to the local art museums, exactly where he studied the functions of the Old Masters. Following his graduation, Ray was provided a scholarship to study architecture but chose to pursue a career as an artist.

Man Ray’s parents have been disappointed by their son’s decision to pursue art, but they agreed to rearrange the family’s modest living quarters so that Ray’s space could be his studio. The artist remained in the family residence over the next 4 years. During this time, he worked steadily towards becoming a skilled painter. Man Ray earned funds as a commercial artist and was a technical illustrator at numerous Manhattan companies.

The surviving examples of his operate from this period indicate that he attempted mostly paintings and drawings in 19th-century styles. He was already an avid admirer of contemporary avant-garde art, such as the European modernists he saw at Alfred Stieglitz’s &quot291&quot gallery and functions by the Ashcan School. Nevertheless, with a few exceptions, he was not yet capable to integrate these trends into his own perform. The art classes he sporadically attended—including stints at the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League—were of little apparent advantage to him. When he enrolled in the Ferrer School in the autumn of 1912, he started a period of intense and rapid artistic development.


While living in New York City, Man Ray was visually influenced by the 1913 Armory Show and galleries of European modern performs. His early paintings display facets of cubism. Soon after befriending Marcel Duchamp, who was interested in showing movement in static paintings, his works began to depict movement of the figures. An example is the repetitive positions of the dancer’s skirts in The Rope Dancer Accompanies Herself with Her Shadows (1916).

In 1915, Man Ray had his very first solo show of paintings and drawings soon after he had taken up residence at an art colony in Grantwood, New Jersey, across the Hudson River from New York City.

His first proto-Dada object, an assemblage titled Self-Portrait, was exhibited the following year. He created his first substantial photographs in 1918.

Man Ray abandoned standard painting to involve himself with Dada, a radical anti-art movement. He started making objects and created distinctive mechanical and photographic strategies of creating photos. For the 1918 version of Rope Dancer, he combined a spray-gun strategy with a pen drawing. Like Duchamp, he did readymades—ordinary objects that are chosen and modified. His Present readymade (1921) is a flatiron with metal tacks attached to the bottom, and Enigma of Isidore Ducasse[9] is an unseen object (a sewing machine) wrapped in cloth and tied with cord. Aerograph (1919), an additional operate from this period, was done with airbrush on glass.

In 1920, Man Ray helped Duchamp make the Rotary Glass Plates, a single of the earliest examples of kinetic art. It was composed of glass plates turned by a motor. That identical year, Man Ray, Katherine Dreier, and Duchamp founded the Société Anonyme, an itinerant collection that was the first museum of modern art in the U.S.

Man Ray teamed up with Duchamp to publish 1 problem of New York Dada in 1920. For Man Ray, Dada’s experimentation was no match for the wild and chaotic streets of New York.[11] He wrote that &quotDada can not live in New York. All New York is dada, and will not tolerate a rival.&quot

In 1913, Man Ray met his first wife, the Belgian poet Adon Lacroix (Donna Lecoeur) (1887-1975), in New York. They married in 1914, separated in 1919, and formally divorced in 1937.


In July 1921, Man Ray went to reside and function in Paris, France. He quickly settled in the Montparnasse quarter favored by a lot of artists. Shortly following arriving in Paris, he met and fell in really like with Kiki de Montparnasse (Alice Prin), an artists’ model and celebrated character in Paris bohemian circles. Kiki was Man Ray’s companion for most of the 1920s. She became the topic of some of his most renowned photographic images and starred in his experimental films, Le Retour à la Raison and L’Étoile de mer. In 1929, he began a really like affair with the Surrealist photographer Lee Miller.

For the next 20 years in Montparnasse, Man Ray was a distinguished photographer. Significant members of the art globe, such as James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, Jean Cocteau, Bridget Bate Tichenor, and Antonin Artaud, posed for his camera.

The Misunderstood (1938), collection of the Man Ray Estate
Man Ray was represented in the first Surrealist exhibition with Jean Arp, Max Ernst, André Masson, Joan Miró, and Pablo Picasso at the Galerie Pierre in Paris in 1925. Essential works from this time have been a metronome with an eye, originally titled Object to Be Destroyed, and the Violon d’Ingres, a beautiful photograph of Kiki de Montparnasse, styled soon after the painter/musician Ingres. Violon d’Ingres is a well-known example of how Man Ray could juxtapose disparate elements in his photography to create meaning.

In 1934, surrealist artist Méret Oppenheim, identified for her fur-covered teacup, posed nude for Man Ray in a properly-identified series of photographs depicting her standing next to a printing press.

With Lee Miller, his photography assistant and lover, Man Ray reinvented the photographic approach of solarization. He also produced a variety of photogram he named &quotrayographs&quot, which he described as &quotpure dadaism&quot.

Man Ray directed a quantity of influential avant-garde quick films, recognized as Cinéma Pur. He directed Le Retour à la Raison (2 mins, 1923) Emak-Bakia (16 mins, 1926) L’Étoile de Mer (15 mins, 1928) and Les Mystères du Château de Dé (27 mins, 1929). Man Ray also assisted Marcel Duchamp with the cinematography of his film Anemic Cinema (1926), and Ray personally manned the camera on Fernand Léger’s Ballet Mécanique (1924). In René Clair’s film Entr’acte (1924), Man Ray appeared in a short scene playing chess with Duchamp.

Duchamp, Man Ray, and Francis Picabia were pals and collaborators. The three had been connected by their experimental, entertaining, and innovative art.[17][18]


Man Ray was forced to return from Paris to the United States due to the Second Globe War. He lived in Los Angeles, California from 1940 to 1951 where he focused his creative energy on painting. A handful of days soon after arriving in Los Angeles, Man Ray met Juliet Browner, a 1st-generation American of Romanian-Jewish lineage. She was a trained dancer, who studied dance with Martha Graham, and an knowledgeable artists’ model. The two married in 1946 in a double wedding with their close friends Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning. In 1948 Man Ray had a solo exhibition at the Copley Galleries in Beverley Hills, which brought collectively a wide array of work and featured his newly painted canvases of the Shakespearean Equations series.


He died in Paris on November 18, 1976 from a lung infection. He was interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris. Ray’s epitaph reads &quotunconcerned, but not indifferent&quot. When Juliet Browner died in 1991, she was interred in the identical tomb. Her epitaph reads &quottogether once again&quot. Juliet organized a trust for his operate and donated significantly of his operate to museums. Her plans to restore the studio as a public museum proved as well expensive, such was the structure’s disrepair. Most of the contents have been stored at the Pompidou Center.


In 1999, ARTnews magazine named Man Ray 1 of the 25 most influential artists of the 20th century. The publication cited his groundbreaking photography, &quothis explorations of film, painting, sculpture, collage, assemblage and prototypes of what would eventually be referred to as efficiency art and conceptual art.&quot

ARTnews additional stated that &quotMan Ray supplied artists in all media an example of a creative intelligence that, in its ‘pursuit of pleasure and liberty’, unlocked every door it came to and walked freely where it would.&quot In search of pleasure and liberty was 1 of Ray’s guiding principles, along with others such as carrying out factors that are socially prohibited.

In March 2013, Man Ray’s photograph Noire et Blanche (1926) was featured in the U.S. Postal Service’s Modern Art in America series of stamps.



&quotIt has in no way been my object to record my dreams, just the determination to recognize them.&quot — Julien Levy exhibition catalog, April 1945.

&quotThere is no progress in art, any a lot more than there is progress in producing enjoy. There are simply distinct methods of carrying out it.&quot — 1948 essay, &quotTo Be Continued, Unnoticed&quot.

&quotTo create is divine, to reproduce is human.&quot — &quotOriginals Graphic Multiples&quot, circa 1968 published in Objets de Mon Affection, 1983.

&quotI paint what can’t be photographed, that which comes from the imagination or from dreams, or from an unconscious drive. I photograph the items that I do not want to paint, the things which already have an existence.&quot — Undated interview, circa 1970s published in Man Ray: Photographer, 1981.

&quotI have been accused of being a joker. But the most profitable art to me entails humor.&quot — Undated interview, circa 1970s published in Man Ray: Photographer, 1981.

&quotAn original is a creation motivated by desire. Any reproduction of an original is motivated by necessity. It is marvelous that we are the only species that creates gratuitous types. To create is divine, to reproduce is human.&quot

&quotOf course, there will often be these who appear only at strategy, who ask ‘how’, whilst other folks of a much more curious nature will ask ‘why’. Personally, I have constantly preferred inspiration to details.&quot

&quotI do not photograph nature. I photograph my visions.&quot


&quotMan Ray, n.m. synon. de Joie jouer jouir.&quot (Translation: &quotMan Ray, masculine noun, synonymous with joy, to play, to get pleasure from.&quot) — MARCEL DUCHAMP, as the opening epigram for Man Ray’s memoir Self-Portrait, 1963.

&quotWith him you could try anything—there was nothing you were told not to do, except spill the chemical compounds. With Man Ray, you were cost-free to do what your imagination conjured, and that sort of encouragement was fantastic.&quot — Artist and photographer, NAOMI SAVAGE, Man Ray’s niece and protégée, in a 2000 newspaper interview.

&quotMan Ray is a youthful alchemist forever in quest of the painter’s philosopher’s stone. May he never find it, as that would bring an finish to his experimentations which are the really situation of living art expression.&quot — ADOLF WOLFF, &quotArt Notes&quot, International 8, no. 1 (January 1914), p. 21.

&quot[Man Ray was] a type of brief man who looked a small like Mr. Peepers, spoke slowly with a slight Brooklynese accent, and talked so you could never inform when he was kidding.&quot — Brother-in-law JOSEPH BROWNER on his initial impression of the artist quoted in the Fresno Bee, August 26, 1990.

Shipyard workers at a cold frame bending machine
prototype machine company
Image by Tyne & Put on Archives & Museums
Cold frame bending machine in operation at the North Sands shipyard of J.L. Thompson &amp Sons, Sunderland, February 1962 (TWAM ref. DS.JLT/5/4/4/2).

This set celebrates the achievements of the renowned Sunderland shipbuilding firm Joseph L. Thompson &amp Sons. The company’s origins date back to 1846 when the firm was recognized as Robert Thompson &amp Sons. Robert Thompson senior died in 1860, leaving his second son Joseph Lowes Thompson in manage. In 1870 the shipyard completed its final wooden vessel and was then adapted for iron shipbuilding.

By 1880 the firm had expanded its operations more than a lot of North Sands and in 1884 completed the construction of Manor Quay, which served as fitting out and repair facilities. For several years in the late nineteenth century the yard was the most productive in Sunderland and in 1894 had the fourth biggest output of any shipyard in the planet.

The Depression affected the firm severely in the early 1930s and no vessels have been launched from 1931 to 1934. However, in the course of these years the business developed a hull design and style providing higher efficiency and economy in service. During the Second Planet War the prototype developed by Joseph L. Thompson &amp Sons proved so well-known that it was used by the US Government as the basis of over two,700 Liberty ships constructed at American shipyards amongst 1942 and 1945.

Following the War the North Sands shipyard went on to develop numerous fine cargo ships, oil tankers and bulk carriers. Sadly the shipyard closed in 1979, even though it briefly reopened in 1986 to construct the crane barge ITM Challenger.

(Copyright) We’re satisfied for you to share these digital images within the spirit of The Commons. Please cite ‘Tyne &amp Put on Archives &amp Museums’ when reusing. Specific restrictions on high top quality reproductions and commercial use of the original physical version apply though if you’re unsure please email

Turcat-Méry Model MJ Boulogne Roadster 1913
prototype machine company
Image by tautaudu02
A l’âge de 22 ans, Léon Turcat et son cousin Simon Méry, tous deux diplômés d’études supérieures en ingénierie, décidèrent de se lancer dans l’industrie automobile. Fondée en 1899, Turcat, Méry et Cie construisit ses deux premiers prototypes en 1901 et dévoila sa première auto dans la foulée.
Les machines furent exposées lors du Mondial de l’Automobile de 1901 où les deux cousins rencontrèrent le baron Adrien de Turckheim. Ayant bâti sa fortune dans l’industrie ferroviaire, de Turckheim cherchait à diversifier ses activités. Il devint rapidement le principal investisseur et soutien financier de la jeune entreprise.
Cherchant de nouveaux moyens de promotion pour leurs voitures, Turcat et Méry les lancèrent sur la scène du sport automobile européen, alors en pleine ébullition. Henri-Louis Rogier mena une Turcat-Méry à la victoire lors du tout premier Rallye de Monte-Carlo et remporta la course de côte des Plâtrières. Ces succès retentissants firent grimper en flèche la popularité de la marque et décoller les ventes.
Durant la Première Guerre Mondiale, Turcat, Méry et Cie produisit du matériel militaire avant d’agrandir ses installations après le conflit. Toutefois, les frais des travaux, additionnés à l’augmentation du coût des rares matières premières restantes après la guerre, plombèrent les finances de l’entreprise. En 1921, Turcat, Méry et Cie se retrouva en telle difficulté que la société dut opérer une importante restructuration. Une seconde suivit en 1924. La production automobile s’arrêta en 1928 mais l’entreprise continua de fournir des solutions et des pièces détachées jusqu’en 1933.
La Turcat-Méry proposée par Fiskens est un Roadster MJ Boulogne de 1913. Équipé d’un gigantesque moteur 4 cylindres de 6.1 litres, il s’agirait de l’un des derniers modèles existants. Il est même tout à fait attainable que cela soit le seul exemplaire restant.
Pièce de choix de la célèbre collection Petronis pendant plus de 20 ans, le MJ Roadster fut ensuite restauré en profondeur – selon les spécifications d’origine – au sein d’une autre collection californienne de renom.
Alors qu’elle entame son deuxième siècle d’existence, cette automobile exceptionnelle témoigne de la qualité du savoir-faire de l’époque &quotVintage&quot ainsi que du bon goût de ses propriétaires érudits. Sans doute exclusive et assurément rare, cette Turcat-Méry offre à tout collectionneur éclairé l’occasion d’acquérir une pièce fascinante.

At the age of 22, cousins Leon Turcat and Simon Méry decided to use their engineering and sophisticated degrees to enter the automotive enterprise. Turcat, Méry and Company was formed in 1899, constructing two prototypes by 1901 and quickly unveiling their first production car.
Their creations had been on display at the 1901 Paris Motor Show where the duo met Adrien de Turckheim. Getting created his fortune in railway construction, Turckheim was seeking to diversify his endeavours and rapidly became the company’s influential economic backer.
In search of to boost their prospects still further, Turcat and Méry thrust their automobiles into Europe’s burgeoning motorsport scene. At the Platrieres hillclimb and inaugural Monte Carlo Rally Henri-Louis Rougier drove a Turcat-Méry to general victory, producing publicity that would lead to crucial sales for the company.
Throughout the Initial Globe War Turcat-Méry manufactured combat supplies and, following the conflict, upgraded to bigger facilities. Nevertheless the expense of this move, added to the post-war expense of scarce raw components, created it hard for the company to continue. By 1921 they were experiencing serious economic problems, with substantial reorganisations deemed required that year and once more in 1924. Motor car production ceased in 1928, with the organization continuing to supply parts and solutions till 1933.
The Turcat-Méry supplied by Fiskens is a Model MJ Roadster from 1913. Using a mammoth six.1-litre, 4-cylinder engine, it is believed to be one particular of very few surviving examples. Indeed, it is completely feasible that the car is wholly distinctive.
This MJ Roadster was portion of the famed Petronis collection for more than 20 years just before it received a significant restoration – to exacting standards – at an equally nicely-known California collection.
Now in its second century, this extraordinary motor automobile stands as testament to the quality of vintage-era craftsmanship and educated owners. Most likely distinctive and undoubtedly uncommon, it presents the discerning collector with an intriguing chance.