Battle of Britain Memorial Flight

Battle of Britain Memorial Flight

A handful of good speedy prototype improvement photos I identified:

Battle of Britain Memorial Flight
rapid prototype development
Image by afaloon
The Lancaster

The Avro Lancaster is the most well-known and productive RAF heavy bomber of Globe War Two. It is a legend that lives on today and the contribution created by the aircraft and its crews to the freedom of our nation will, hopefully, in no way be forgotten. The prototype Lancaster took to the air for its 1st flight from Woodford, Manchester, on 9th January 1941 the first production Lancaster flew later that year on 31st October. The initial RAF unit to get the new aircraft for operations (on Christmas Eve 1941) was No 44 Squadron at Waddington, swiftly followed by 97 Squadron at Woodhall Spa. The efficiency of the Lancaster was merely outstanding. It could carry a maximum bomb load of 22,000 lb, its maximum level speed with a complete load at 15,000 feet was 275 mph and it could cruise routinely at altitudes above 20,000ft at a range speed of 200 mph. With a full bomb load the aircraft had a variety in excess of 1,500 miles. The Lancaster’s overall performance, its ruggedness, reliability and to numerous its sheer charisma, endeared it to its crews who had been proud to fly this popular thoroughbred.

An impressive total of 7,377 Lancasters were constructed in between 1941 and early 1946. Of these, some three,500 were lost on operations and an additional 200 or so had been destroyed or written off in crashes. The vast majority of these Lancasters that did survive the war have been basically scrapped when their solutions have been no longer required, as the reverence in which the aircraft is now held had however to create to the point exactly where their preservation seemed critical.

The Lancaster did not carry the weight of the evening bombing offensive against Nazi Germany on its personal but was supported by other earlier twin-engine bombers such as the Wellington and the other four-engine RAF heavy bombers – the Stirling and the Halifax – as properly as medium bomber versions of the twin-engine De Havilland Mosquito. In total some 125,000 aircrew served in Bomber Command for the duration of Globe War Two over 73,700 of them became casualties, either killed, wounded or shot down and made PoWs.

In a letter to the head of Avro soon after the war, Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Harris, the Commander in Chief of Bomber Command, mentioned of the Lancaster:

“I would say this to these who placed that shining sword in our hands: Without having your genius and efforts we could not have prevailed, for I believe that the Lancaster was the greatest single element in winning the war.”

The Spitfire

Spitfire MKIs from 65 Squadron Developed in greater numbers than any other British combat aircraft before or because the War, 20,341 Spitfires had been constructed in 22 distinct variants (excluding the navalised Seafire) and the aircraft remained in production for 12 years.

The prototype’s maiden flight took location on 5th March 1936 and Mk1 Spitfires entered RAF service (with No 19 Squadron) in August 1938.

The development prospective of the original design and style allowed the Spitfire to establish and then keep the air superiority so vital to the defence of Britain and to hold pace with the 19 Squadron Spitfire taking off improvements in efficiency of enemy fighters throughout World War Two.

Spitfires fought in each operational theatre of the War and remained in RAF front-line service up to 1954. At the finish of its improvement the Spitfire carried an engine generating much more than twice the power of the original, its maximum take-off weight and price of climb had far more than doubled, its firepower had increased by a factor of five and its maximum speed had been elevated by a third all this in basically the same airframe.

The Spitfire played a significant part in reaching ultimate victory in Globe War Two and actually deserves its location as almost certainly the most successful fighter design and style ever, and surely as the most famous and charismatic of all time.

The Hurricane

The Hawker Hurricane is 1 of the classic fighters of all time, developed and constructed for war. It was at the forefront of Britain’s defence in 1940 and it played a significant component in attaining the victory of 1945.

Sir Sydney Camm CBE commenced the style operate for the Hurricane in 1934 (Camm went on to design the Typhoon, Tempest, Hunter and Harrier). The prototype Hurricane (K5083) produced its maiden flight on 6th November 1935 and deliveries to the RAF commenced just prior to Christmas 1937 to 111 Squadron at Northolt (eight months ahead of the Spitfire). The Hurricane was the initial British monoplane eight-gun fighter, the initial RAF aircraft to exceed 300 mph in level flight and the first production fighter with a retractable major undercarriage.

For the duration of the Battle of Britain, RAF Fighter Command fielded much more Hurricanes than Spitfires, and Hurricanes accomplished a similarly higher proportion of combat kills in the course of the Battle.

A outstanding total of 14,533 Hurricanes had been constructed and the aircraft served operationally on every day throughout hostilities, in each and every operational theatre and in several roles. At the end of Globe War Two in 1945, Hurricanes had been nonetheless in the front-line assisting to make certain final victory in the Far East.

With the end of the war, Hurricanes were quickly retired from service as the speedy progression of aircraft style and capabilities had successfully rendered them obsolete and the aircraft’s job was carried out. The vast majority had been basically scrapped and broken up. Sadly, nowadays, there are only 12 Hurricanes nevertheless airworthy worldwide only 6 of those in UK. The BBMF is proud to operate two of these historically important and uncommon aircraft.