A few nice plastic prototype parts factory photos I located:
Image by pedrosimoes7
Motorclássico, FIL, Parque das Nações, Lisbon, Portugal
Alpine (French pronunciation: [alpin]) was a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars that used rear-mounted Renault engines.
Jean Rédélé (1922 – 2007), the founder of Alpine, was initially a Dieppe garage proprietor, who started to attain considerable competitors accomplishment in 1 of the few French vehicles developed just after Globe War two. The business was bought in 1978 by Renault.
Employing Renault 4CVs, Rédélé gained class wins in a quantity of main events, which includes the Mille Miglia and Coupe des Alpes. As his expertise with the small 4CV constructed up, he incorporated many modifications, like for example, special five-speed gear boxes replacing the original 3-speed unit. To provide a lighter vehicle he constructed a quantity of specific versions with lightweight aluminium bodies: he drove in these at Le Mans and Sebring with some accomplishment in the early 1950s.
Encouraged by the development of these cars and consequent consumer demand, he founded the Société Anonyme des Automobiles Alpine in 1954. The firm was named Alpine following his Coupe des Alpes successes. He did not realise that more than in England the prior year, Sunbeam had introduced a sports coupe derived from the Sunbeam Talbot and known as the Sunbeam Alpine. This naming problem was to result in difficulties for Alpine all through its history.
Coach Alpine A106 Mille Milles 1955 (Very first alpine).
In 1955, he worked with the Chappe brothers to be amongst the pioneers of auto glass fibre construction and produced a little coupe, based on 4CV mechanicals and known as the Alpine A106. It utilized the platform chassis of the original Renault 4CV. The A106 accomplished a quantity of successes by way of the 1950s and was joined by a low and fashionable cabriolet. Styling for this vehicle was contracted to the Italian designer Giovanni Michelotti. Beneath the glassfibre physique was a extremely stiff chassis primarily based on a central tubular backbone which was to be the hallmark of all Alpines built.
Alpine A110 Berlinette (1962-1967).
Alpine then took the Michelotti cabriolet style and created a 2+two closed coupe (or ‘berlinette’) physique for it: this became the Alpine A108, now featuring the Dauphine Gordini 845 cc engine, which on later models was bored out to give a capacity of 904 cc or (subsequently) 998 cc. The A108 was constructed amongst 1958 and 1963.
In 1962, the A108 begun to be made also in Brazil, by Willys-Overland. It was the Willys Interlagos (berlineta, coupé and convertible).
Willys Interlagos Berlineta, the Brazilian A108
By now the car’s mechanicals have been beginning to show their age in Europe. Alpine were already operating closely with Renault and when the Renault R8 saloon was introduced in 1962. Alpine redeveloped their chassis and made a number of minor body changes to enable the use of R8 mechanicals.
This new car was the A110 Berlinette Tour de France, named after a profitable run with the Alpine A108 in the 1962 occasion. Starting with a 956 cc engine of 51 bhp (38 kW), the identical chassis and physique developed with reasonably minor alterations more than the years to the stage where, by 1974, the small car was handling 1800 cc engines creating 180 bhp (134 kW)+. With a competition weight for the car of about 620 kg (1,367 lb), the functionality was superb.
Alpine accomplished rising good results in rallying, and by 1968 had been allocated the complete Renault competitors price range. The close collaboration permitted Alpines to be sold and maintained in France by typical Renault dealerships. Real best level success started in 1968 with outright wins in the Coupe des Alpes and other international events. By this time the competition vehicles have been fitted with 1440 cc engines derived from the Renault R8 Gordini. Competitors successes became quite a few, helped considering that Alpine were the 1st business totally to exploit the competitors components homologation rules.
In 1971, Alpine accomplished a 1-2-three finish in the Monte Carlo rally, employing cars with engines derived from the Renault 16. In 1973, they repeated the 1-2-3 Monte Carlo outcome and went on to win the Globe Rally Championship outright, beating Porsche, Lancia and Ford. Throughout all of this time, production of the Alpine A110 increased and manufacturing offers had been struck for A110s and A108s with factories in a number of other nations which includes Spain, Mexico, Brazil and Bulgaria.
1973 brought the international petrol crisis, which had profound effects on numerous specialist car makers worldwide. From a total Alpine production of 1421 in 1972, the numbers of cars sold dropped to 957 in 1974 and the firm was bailed out by means of a takeover by Renault. Alpine’s problems had been compounded by the want for them to develop a replacement for the A110 and launch the vehicle just when European petrol prices leapt via the roof.
Alpine A110 Berlinette Group 4 (1971-1974).
Through the 1970s, Alpine continued to campaign the A110, and later the Alpine A310 replacement automobile. However, to compete with Alpine’s achievement, other makers created increasingly specific cars, notably the Lancia Stratos which was based closely on the A110’s size and rear-engined idea, though incorporating a Ferrari engine. Alpine’s own automobiles, nevertheless based on the 1962 design and making use of a surprising quantity of production parts, became increasingly uncompetitive. In 1974 Alpine constructed a series of factory racing Renault 17 Gordinis (a single driven by Jean-Luc Thérier) that won the Press on Regardless World Rally Championship round in Michigan, USA.
In reality, having achieved the rally championship, and with Renault funds now fully behind them, Alpine had set their sights on a new target. The subsequent aim was to win at Le Mans. Renault had also taken more than the Gordini tuning firm and merged the two to type Renault Sport. A quantity of increasingly productive sports racing automobiles appeared, culminating in the 1978 Le Mans win with the Renault Alpine A442B. This was fitted with a turbo-charged engine Alpine had been the 1st firm to run in and win an international rally with a turbo automobile as far back as 1972 when Jean-Luc Thérier took a specially modified A110 to victory on the Critérium des Cévennes.
Alpine Renault continued to develop their variety of models all by means of the 1980s. The A310 was the next modern interpretation of the A110. The Alpine A310 was a sports auto with a rear-mounted engine and was initially powered by a four-cylinder 1.6 L sourced Renault 17 TS/Gordini engine. In 1976 the A310 was restyled by Robert Opron and fitted with the a lot more effective and newly developed V6 PRV engine. The 2.six L motor was modified by Alpine with a 4-speed manual gearbox. Later they would use a 5-speed manual gearbox and with the group four model get a greater tune with a lot more cubic capacity and 3 twin barrel Weber carburetors.
Alpine A310 V6 GT Pack (1983-1984).
Following the A310 Alpine transformed into the new Alpine GTA range made from plastic and polyester elements, commencing with normally aspirated PRV V6 engines. In 1985 the V6 Turbo was introduced to total the variety. This automobile was faster and much more strong than the normally aspirated version. In 1986 polyester components were cut for the initial time by robot employing a high pressure (3500 bar) water jet, .15 mm (.01 in) in diameter at three instances the speed of sound. In the exact same year the American specification V6 Turbo was created.
In 1987 fitment of anti-pollution systems allowed the V6 Turbo to be distributed to Switzerland, Germany, Austria and the Netherlands. 1989 saw the launch of the restricted edition GTA Mille Miles to celebrate Alpine’s 35th anniversary. Production was limited to 100 cars, all fitted with ABS braking, polished wheels, unique leather interior and paintwork. This version was not accessible in RHD.
1990 saw the launch of the specific edition wide bodied GTA Le Mans. The car wore polyester wheel arch extensions with a one piece front. Wheels had been 3 piece BBS style produced by ACT, 8×16" front & 10×17" rear. Otherwise identical mechanically to the V6 Turbo, the engine was fitted with a catalytic converter and energy was reduced to 185 bhp (138 kW). This model was obtainable in the UK and RHD versions carried a numbered plaque on the dashboard. The Le Mans is the most collectable and beneficial GTA derivative, since only 325 have been made (299 LHD and 26 RHD). These have been obtainable from Renault dealers in the UK and the country’s motoring press are belatedly recognising the GTA series as the ‘great unsung supercar of the 1980s’
Alpine V6 Turbo Le Mans 1990
The Alpine A610 was launched in 1991. It was re-styled inside and out but was nevertheless recognisable as a GTA derivative. The chassis structure was extensively reworked but the central box principal remained the identical. The front was entirely re-developed the interior was also significantly improved. Air-conditioning and energy steering were fitted as common. The total production run for A610s derivatives was 818 vehicles 67 RHD and 751 LHD. Soon after production of the A610 ended, the Alpine factory in Dieppe produced the Renault Sport Spider and a new era was to begin.
The final Alpine, an A610, rolled off the Dieppe line at 7. April 1995, Renault abandoning the Alpine name. This was constantly a issue in the UK industry. Alpines could not be sold in the UK beneath their own name due to the fact Sunbeam owned the trade mark (due to the fact of the mid-50s Sunbeam Alpine Mk I). In the 1970s, for example Dieppe have been building modified Renault R5s for the planet wide market. The rest of the planet knew them as R5 Alpines but in the UK they had to be renamed to R5 Gordini. Strangely enough with the quite a few organization takeovers that have occurred, it is another French organization, PSA (Peugot/Talbot/Citroën) who now own the British Alpine trademark.
The Alpine factory in Dieppe continues to expand in the 1980s they constructed the particular R5 Turbo vehicles, following the rear engined formula they have usually employed. They constructed all Clio Williams and RenaultSport Spiders. The factory proudly put its Alpine badges on the constructed early batches of the mid engined Clio series one particular Clio V6. The Clio Series two was also assembled there with far more recent RenaultSport Clio 172 and RenaultSport Clio 182s.
Between 1989 and 1995, a new Alpine named the A710 "Berlinette two", was designed and two prototypes were constructed. Due to the expense of the project (600 millions Francs), and as adding modern equipment and interior would compromise the value and performances, the project was canceled.
The Dieppe factory is identified as the producer of RenaultSport models that are sold worldwide. This was originally the "Alpine" factory that Renault gained when they acquired the brand in 1973. Some of the Renault Sport models produced in Dieppe are presently the Mégane Renault Sport, Clio Renault Sport and the new Mégane Renault Sport dCi is to be constructed on Renault’s Dieppe assembly line. All the RenaultSport track-, tarmac- and gravel-racing Meganes and Clios are also created in the Dieppe factory.
In October 2007, it has been reported that Renault’s marketing boss Patrick Blain has revealed that there are plans for a number of sports cars in Renault’s future lineup, but stressed that the first model will not arrive till following 2010. Blain confirmed that Renault is unlikely to pick a new name for its future sports auto and will most likely go with Alpine to brand it. Blain described it as getting a “radical sports car” and not just a sports version of a standard model.
The new Alpine sports auto will most likely have a version of the Nissan GT-R’s Premium Midship platform.
The presence of sportier models in the Renault line-up would give the French automaker a far better chance to capitalize on its Formula A single prowess, obtaining won two back-to-back globe championships with Fernando Alonso, translating these efforts to its production automobiles is a moot point simply because Renault’s lineup is lacking in the sports automobile department. Management is hoping to alter all that and is keen to start developing sports cars again, as it has in the previous, with the revival of the legendary Alpine label.
In France there is a massive network of Alpine enthusiasts clubs. Clubs exist in several countries which includes the UK, USA, Australia, Japan.
In February 2009, Renault confirmed that plans to revive the Alpine brand have been frozen as a direct result of the 2008-2009 worldwide financial crisis and recession.
In May possibly 2012, photos of a new Renault Alpine idea titled as Renault Alpine A110-50[six] had been leaked prior to its debut in Monaco.
According to a Spanish automobile magazine it is said that the road version will be released in 2013.
In November 2012, Renault and Caterham announced plans to create reasonably priced race automobiles under the Alpine brand which are to be accessible in 2016. In this partnership, Caterham will obtain 50% ownership of Alpine while the new cars will be developed at Renault’s Dieppe, France assembly plant.